Modulhandbuch

Energy Conversion and Management (ECM)

Required Elective 1.1

Teaching Methods Lecture
Learning objectives / competencies

This module provides the student the possibility to specialise in specific aspects of energy conversion, energy systems, energy economics, energy management, etc. The respective courses are listed in section Required Elective Courses.
The first choice is courses with 4 C. However, also 2 courses with 2 C each can be chosen. In this case in the certificate either the module name Selected Topics Energy Management /Vertiefung Energiemanagement or the module name Selected Topics Energy Technology /Vertiefung Energietechnik is taken. However, the names of courses are listed in the transcript of marks.

Duration 1
Hours per week 4.0
Overview
Classes 60
Individual / Groupwork 60
Workload 120
ECTS 4.0
Requirements for awarding credit points

depends on chosen required elective course

Responsbile person

Prof. Dr. Peter Treffinger

Max. participants 25
Recommended semester ECM 1
Frequency Annually (ws)
Lectures

Thermochemical Conversion Processes I

Type Vorlesung
Nr. M+V926
Hours per week 2.0
Lecture contents
  • characterization of fuels for thermochemical conversion processes
  • pyrolysis, gasification, incineration: chemical processes, mass and energy balances, examples
Literature

  • Bridgwater, A.V.: Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion; Blackwell Sciences Ltd, Oxford 2001.
  • Scholz, Reinhard: Abfallbehandlung in thermischen Verfahren: Verbrennung, Vergasung, Pyrolyse, Verfahrens- und Anlagenkonzepte, Teubner 2001.
  • Demirbas, A.: Biofuels; Springer, London 2009.
  • Kaltschmitt, M.; Hartmann, H; Hofbauer, H. (ed.): Energie aus Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren, Springer, Heidelberg, 2nd ed. 2009.
  • Deublein, D; Steinhauser, A.: Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources; Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2nd ed. 2010.
  • Thermochemical Conversion Processes II

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V927
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents
    • processing of intermediate products from pyrolysis and gasification (synthetic fuels, biodiesel, methanol, electricity)
    • conversion of toxic substances by thermal processes (gases, heavy metals, dioxins, and furans)
    • reduction of emissions of toxic substances
    • inertisation of residues from thermochemical processes (vitrification, solidification, recycling)
    Literature

  • Bridgwater, A.V.: Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion; Blackwell Sciences Ltd, Oxford 2001.
  • Scholz, Reinhard: Abfallbehandlung in thermischen Verfahren: Verbrennung, Vergasung, Pyrolyse, Verfahrens- und Anlagenkonzepte, Teubner 2001.
  • Demirbas, A.: Biofuels; Springer, London 2009.
  • Kaltschmitt, M.; Hartmann, H; Hofbauer, H. (ed.): Energie aus Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren, Springer, Heidelberg, 2nd ed. 2009.
  • Deublein, D; Steinhauser, A.: Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources; Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2nd ed. 2010
  • Safety Engineering

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V912
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents
    • general requirements and principles of safety orientated construction
    • safety-relevant evaluation of systems - redundancy
    • safety-theoretical analytical methods
    • safety engineering in selected plants (steam boiler, acetylene plants, explosive atmosphere, electrical systems, electrostatic charging)
    • safety-relevant construction units (burst disc, safety relief valves, flame safety devices)
    Literature
    • Arbeitssicherheit, Skiba (E.Schmidt-Verlag, Bielefeld, 1991)
    • Betriebliche Sicherheitstechnik, Skiba (E.Schmidt-Verlag, Bielefeld, 1991)

    Biochemische Energiewandlung

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3015
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    - Introduction lecture (Motivation, Regulatory Framework)
    - Biogas (engineering aspects, biological stages, economic and
    ecologic aspects, present research topics)
    - Biotechnological Ethanol process (microbiological background,
    application, present research topics)
    - Biotechnological Aceton/Butanol process
    - Further relevant Fermentation Processes (e.g. biological Hydrogen
    Production)
    - Microbial Fuel cell
    - Microalgae technology (Microbial Basics, Cultivation, Oil
    Production)
    - Syngas Fermentation

    Literature

    KHANNA, M: Handbook of Bioenergy Economics and Policy [E-BOOK] /
    EDITED BY MADHU KHANNA, JÜRGEN SCHEFFRAN, DAVID ZILBERMAN. - New York, NY : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2010. - Online-Ressource.
    (Natural Resource Management and Policy ; 33) (SpringerLink : Bücher)
    ISBN 978-1-441-90369-3
    PPN 327001704

    Planspiel Unternehmensführung

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3007
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    The concept of the (board) game is that students will "be in charge" for an already existing company. They act as members of the management
    board. This means the following steps and tasks:
    a strategic concept has to be developed (which will be realized during the coming 5 business years); this concept has to be transferred to the functional areas and its decisionmaking; the company has to be controlled by using common ratios.
    Additionally aspects of team management are also covered in context of
    the game.

    Literature

    Handout (covering the input of topics e.g. Marketing, Cost Accounting,
    Investment, Finance, Profit and Loss Controlling and Value Based
    Management)

    Einsatz von CAE-Instrumenten in der Projektierung

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3025
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    The students know piping and instrumentation diagrams as important tools in project planning. They are aware of different standards applied. The students understand the requirements on CAE-Tools, which could be employed through all project phases. They understand how CAE-Tools are employed during all project phases, namely using isometric or 3D-views, connecting to databases and creating efficiently project documentation.

    Literature

    DIN 2481: Wärmekraftanlagen - Graphische Symbole.
    ISO/TS 16952-10:2008: Technical product documentation - Reference
    designation system -- Part 10: Power plants.
    KUHR, Harald, METT, Hans-Heinrich: MicroStation V8 Seminar. 3.
    Auflage, Stuttgart : Teubner, 2003.
    MESSMER, Harald: TRICAD MS. Wiesbaden : Teubner, 2004.

    Kommunikation, Rhetorik, Präsentation

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3031
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    Communication
    - Messages, Nonverbal communications, Intercultural communications
    Rhetorics
    - Speech, Voice
    Presentations
    - Structuring models, Visual aids, Handling objections

    Literature

    BARKER, Alan: Improve Your Communication Skills. London : Kogan Page, 2006.
    BRADBURY, Andrew: Successful Presentation Skills. London : Kogan Page, 2006.
    Scientific literature
    BARNES, Graham (1977): Transactional analysis after Eric Berne:
    teachings and practices of three TA schools. New York: Harper,1977.
    HOFSTEDE, Geert: Cultures and Organizations - Software of the Mind:
    Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival. 2. ed., New York Mc GrawHill, 2005.
    SCHULZ VON THUN, Friedemann: Miteinander reden. Störungen und
    Klärungen. 45. Auflage, Reinbek : Rowohlt,2007.
    WATZLAWICK, Paul, BEAVIN, Janet H., JACKSON, Don D.: Pragmatics of Human Communication. A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes. New York: Norton & Company, 1967.

    Energievertrieb in Deutschland

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3010
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    The course is taught in German.

     
    1. The European liberalization of the energy industry as a catalyst for today’s economic framework conditions in the industry
    - History
    - Legal framework
    - Contractual relationships in the energy industry and energy value chain
    - Excursus: EFET contracts

    2. International raw-material markets and selected projects
    - European energy stock markets
    - Basic terminology
    - Market rules
    - Reserves/resources by example of petroleum
    - Pipeline project ”Nord Stream”
    - Pipeline project ”Nabucco”

    3. Influencing factors on the energy markets
    - Chosen variables
    - Market analysis
    - Excursus: Production costs of the different types of power plants
    - Excursus: Merit order curve of the German power plant parks

    4. The European Energy Exchange (EEX) in Leipzig
    - History
    - Commodities
    - Products (OTC market, spot market, derivatives, futures, forwards)

    5. Portfolio management
    - Product principles
    - Balancing group management
    - Long-term forecast, sales forecast
    - Excursus: Real options in the energy industry
    - Excursus: Integration of gas storage facilities

    6. Cost components of an ”energy price”
    - Distribution of the individual cost components
    - Forward and spot market prices
    - Control energy, balancing energy
    - Risk premium
    - Network access
    - Taxes and dues

    7. Risk management
    - Market price risk
    - Volume risk
    - Counterparty default risk
    - Operational risk
    - Liquidity risk

    8. Marketing and communication in the energy industry from a supplier’s point of view
    - Willingness to switch of industrial and private clients in Germany
    - Client segmentation
    - Product strategies and examples

    Literature

    Energiehandel in Europa: Öl, Gas, Strom, Derivate, Zertifikate (C. H. Beck Energierecht), Zenke/Schäfer, Aktuelle Ausgabe
    Energieökonomik, Theorie und Anwendungen (Springer), Erdmann/Zweifel, Aktuelle Ausgabe
    Handbuch Energiehandel (Erich Schmidt), Schwintowski, Aktuelle Ausgabe

    Energiemanagement in der Industrie

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3008
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    The course gives practical insight in projects on which energy consulting
    companies are working on. This covers topics like consulting on energy
    procurement and contracting/outsourcing of energy services, energy
    efficiency checks of plants or facilities etc. Special emphasis is taken to
    explain decision-making processes in industry regarding energy supply,
    whereby the key factors cost, security and reliability play a crucial role.

    Literature

    a) Handouts from the lecturer
    b) Literature list form the lecture (if necessary)
    c) www.search

    Managing Complexity

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3032
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    The course is designed to provide a fundamental basis for management and leadership in the information age. It will introduce a scientific and philosophical approach to management and explore the historical origins of an analytical methodology that allows profound insight into the behaviour of processes and systems. It will teach that management is prediction and provide an understanding of a methodology for transforming raw data into knowledge in order to secure a sound basis for future action. Case histories will demonstrate how the costly errors of inappropriate action and sub-optimisation can be avoided and how a scientific basis for continual improvement and sustainable competitiveness is achieved.

     

    Literature
    • Spare, N.C.: Managing Complexity - A Compendium of Papers for a System of Knowledge; collection of selected papers
    • Deming, W. Edwards: Out of the Crisis; Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1982 and 1986
    • Deming, W. Edwards: The New Economics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1994/95
    • Scholtes, Peter R.: The Leaders Handbook; McGraw-Hill 1988
    • Neave, Henry R.: The Deming Dimension; SPC Press Inc. 1990
    • Wheeler, Donald J.; Chambers, David S.: Understanding Statistical Process Control; SPC Press Inc. 1992
    • Wheeler, Donald J.: Understanding Variation - The Key to Managing Chaos; SPC Press Inc. 1993
    • Wheeler, Donald J.: Advanced Topics in Statistical Process Control; SPC Press Inc. 1995
    • Spare, Noel C.: The Four Pillars of Wisdom - A System for 21st Century Management; pp. 63-68; in
      Think Different - Collection of the English Papers in the December 2006 Revision of the Deming Homepage;
      https://www.skgep.gov.ae/docs/default-source/Articles/article2.pdf
    • same series of articles in German: http://public.fh-wolfenbuettel.de/~hamannm/umdrucke/demming_collect.pdf

     

    Prozessleittechnik

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3026
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    A) The automation pyramid
    B) Norms and regulations
    C) The most relevant DCS systems
    D) Sensors and actuators
    E) Fieldbus systems
    F) Controller Level
    G) DCS Level

    Literature

    SCHILDT, H.-H., KASTNER, W.: Prozeßautomatisierung. Berlin : Springer, 1998.
    POLKE, M. (ED.): Process Control Engineering. Weinheim : VCh, 1994.
    Siemens: Manual of Siemens Simatic PCS 7, part 1 and 2.
    Available online:
    http://www.pacontrol.com/siemens-manuals/Process-Control-System-PCS-7-Part1.pdf
    http://www.pacontrol.com/siemens-manuals/Process-Control-System-PCS-7-Part2.p

    Labor Energiewandlung mit Biomasse

    Type Labor
    Nr. M+V3014
    Hours per week 2.0
    Lecture contents

    A) Basics:
    - analysis of exhaust gases
    - calorific value measurements of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels
    - immediate analyse of fuels
    B)Thermal treatment by pyrolysis in the fixed bed
    C)Thermal treatment by gasification in the pit reactor
    D) Inertisation by vitrification and solidification
    E) Balance of a firing process.
    F) Gas development during fermentation process (methanisation)

    Literature

    KALTSCHMITT, M.; HARTMANN, H.; HOFBAUER, H. (Hrsg.): Energie aus
    Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren. 2. Auflage, Berlin:
    Springer, Heidelberg, 2009.
    DEUBLEIN, D., STEINHAUSER, A.:Biogas from Waste and Renewable
    Resources, 2nd ed. Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2010.