Power and Data Engineering (PDE)

Required Electives

Recommended prior knowledge

Solar Technologies: Recommended: Thermodynamics, Fluid Dynamics, Optics, physics of semiconductors



Teaching Methods Lecture
Learning objectives / competencies

This module provides the student the possibility to specialise in specific aspects of energy conversion, energy systems, energy economics, energy management, etc. The respective courses are listed in section Required Elective Courses.
The first choice is courses with 4 C. However, also 2 courses with 2 C each can be chosen. In this case in the certificate either the module name Selected Topics Energy Management /Vertiefung Energiemanagement or the module name Selected Topics Energy Technology /Vertiefung Energietechnik is taken. However, the names of courses are listed in the transcript of marks.

Duration 2
SWS 12.0
Classes 150
Self-study / group work: 150
Workload 300
ECTS 12.0
Requirements for awarding credit points

depends on chosen required elective course

Responsible Person

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Grit Köhler

Frequency Every sem.

Master PDE


Thermochemical Conversion Processes I

Type Vorlesung
Nr. M+V926
SWS 2.0
Lecture Content
  • characterization of fuels for thermochemical conversion processes
  • pyrolysis, gasification, incineration: chemical processes, mass and energy balances, examples

  • Bridgwater, A.V.: Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion; Blackwell Sciences Ltd, Oxford 2001.
  • Scholz, Reinhard: Abfallbehandlung in thermischen Verfahren: Verbrennung, Vergasung, Pyrolyse, Verfahrens- und Anlagenkonzepte, Teubner 2001.
  • Demirbas, A.: Biofuels; Springer, London 2009.
  • Kaltschmitt, M.; Hartmann, H; Hofbauer, H. (ed.): Energie aus Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren, Springer, Heidelberg, 2nd ed. 2009.
  • Deublein, D; Steinhauser, A.: Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources; Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2nd ed. 2010.
  • Thermochemical Conversion Processes II

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V927
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content
    • processing of intermediate products from pyrolysis and gasification (synthetic fuels, biodiesel, methanol, electricity)
    • conversion of toxic substances by thermal processes (gases, heavy metals, dioxins, and furans)
    • reduction of emissions of toxic substances
    • inertisation of residues from thermochemical processes (vitrification, solidification, recycling)

  • Bridgwater, A.V.: Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion; Blackwell Sciences Ltd, Oxford 2001.
  • Scholz, Reinhard: Abfallbehandlung in thermischen Verfahren: Verbrennung, Vergasung, Pyrolyse, Verfahrens- und Anlagenkonzepte, Teubner 2001.
  • Demirbas, A.: Biofuels; Springer, London 2009.
  • Kaltschmitt, M.; Hartmann, H; Hofbauer, H. (ed.): Energie aus Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren, Springer, Heidelberg, 2nd ed. 2009.
  • Deublein, D; Steinhauser, A.: Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources; Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2nd ed. 2010
  • Safety Engineering

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V912
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content
    • general requirements and principles of safety orientated construction
    • safety-relevant evaluation of systems - redundancy
    • safety-theoretical analytical methods
    • safety engineering in selected plants (steam boiler, acetylene plants, explosive atmosphere, electrical systems, electrostatic charging)
    • safety-relevant construction units (burst disc, safety relief valves, flame safety devices)
    • Arbeitssicherheit, Skiba (E.Schmidt-Verlag, Bielefeld, 1991)
    • Betriebliche Sicherheitstechnik, Skiba (E.Schmidt-Verlag, Bielefeld, 1991)

    Biochemische Energiewandlung

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3015
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    - Introduction lecture (Motivation, Regulatory Framework)
    - Biogas (engineering aspects, biological stages, economic and
    ecologic aspects, present research topics)
    - Biotechnological Ethanol process (microbiological background,
    application, present research topics)
    - Biotechnological Aceton/Butanol process
    - Further relevant Fermentation Processes (e.g. biological Hydrogen
    - Microbial Fuel cell
    - Microalgae technology (Microbial Basics, Cultivation, Oil
    - Syngas Fermentation


    KHANNA, M: Handbook of Bioenergy Economics and Policy [E-BOOK] /
    EDITED BY MADHU KHANNA, JÜRGEN SCHEFFRAN, DAVID ZILBERMAN. - New York, NY : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2010. - Online-Ressource.
    (Natural Resource Management and Policy ; 33) (SpringerLink : Bücher)
    ISBN 978-1-441-90369-3
    PPN 327001704

    Planspiel Unternehmensführung

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3007
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    The concept of the (board) game is that students will "be in charge" for an already existing company. They act as members of the management
    board. This means the following steps and tasks:
    a strategic concept has to be developed (which will be realized during the coming 5 business years); this concept has to be transferred to the functional areas and its decisionmaking; the company has to be controlled by using common ratios.
    Additionally aspects of team management are also covered in context of
    the game.


    Handout (covering the input of topics e.g. Marketing, Cost Accounting,
    Investment, Finance, Profit and Loss Controlling and Value Based

    Einsatz von CAE-Instrumenten in der Projektierung

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3025
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    The students know piping and instrumentation diagrams as important tools in project planning. They are aware of different standards applied. The students understand the requirements on CAE-Tools, which could be employed through all project phases. They understand how CAE-Tools are employed during all project phases, namely using isometric or 3D-views, connecting to databases and creating efficiently project documentation.


    DIN 2481: Wärmekraftanlagen - Graphische Symbole.
    ISO/TS 16952-10:2008: Technical product documentation - Reference
    designation system -- Part 10: Power plants.
    KUHR, Harald, METT, Hans-Heinrich: MicroStation V8 Seminar. 3.
    Auflage, Stuttgart : Teubner, 2003.
    MESSMER, Harald: TRICAD MS. Wiesbaden : Teubner, 2004.

    Kommunikation, Rhetorik, Präsentation

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3031
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    - Messages, Nonverbal communications, Intercultural communications
    - Speech, Voice
    - Structuring models, Visual aids, Handling objections


    BARKER, Alan: Improve Your Communication Skills. London : Kogan Page, 2006.
    BRADBURY, Andrew: Successful Presentation Skills. London : Kogan Page, 2006.
    Scientific literature
    BARNES, Graham (1977): Transactional analysis after Eric Berne:
    teachings and practices of three TA schools. New York: Harper,1977.
    HOFSTEDE, Geert: Cultures and Organizations - Software of the Mind:
    Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival. 2. ed., New York Mc GrawHill, 2005.
    SCHULZ VON THUN, Friedemann: Miteinander reden. Störungen und
    Klärungen. 45. Auflage, Reinbek : Rowohlt,2007.
    WATZLAWICK, Paul, BEAVIN, Janet H., JACKSON, Don D.: Pragmatics of Human Communication. A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes. New York: Norton & Company, 1967.

    Energievertrieb in Deutschland

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3010
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    The course is taught in German.

    1. The European liberalization of the energy industry as a catalyst for today’s economic framework conditions in the industry
    - History
    - Legal framework
    - Contractual relationships in the energy industry and energy value chain
    - Excursus: EFET contracts

    2. International raw-material markets and selected projects
    - European energy stock markets
    - Basic terminology
    - Market rules
    - Reserves/resources by example of petroleum
    - Pipeline project ”Nord Stream”
    - Pipeline project ”Nabucco”

    3. Influencing factors on the energy markets
    - Chosen variables
    - Market analysis
    - Excursus: Production costs of the different types of power plants
    - Excursus: Merit order curve of the German power plant parks

    4. The European Energy Exchange (EEX) in Leipzig
    - History
    - Commodities
    - Products (OTC market, spot market, derivatives, futures, forwards)

    5. Portfolio management
    - Product principles
    - Balancing group management
    - Long-term forecast, sales forecast
    - Excursus: Real options in the energy industry
    - Excursus: Integration of gas storage facilities

    6. Cost components of an ”energy price”
    - Distribution of the individual cost components
    - Forward and spot market prices
    - Control energy, balancing energy
    - Risk premium
    - Network access
    - Taxes and dues

    7. Risk management
    - Market price risk
    - Volume risk
    - Counterparty default risk
    - Operational risk
    - Liquidity risk

    8. Marketing and communication in the energy industry from a supplier’s point of view
    - Willingness to switch of industrial and private clients in Germany
    - Client segmentation
    - Product strategies and examples


    Energiehandel in Europa: Öl, Gas, Strom, Derivate, Zertifikate (C. H. Beck Energierecht), Zenke/Schäfer, Aktuelle Ausgabe
    Energieökonomik, Theorie und Anwendungen (Springer), Erdmann/Zweifel, Aktuelle Ausgabe
    Handbuch Energiehandel (Erich Schmidt), Schwintowski, Aktuelle Ausgabe

    Energiemanagement in der Industrie

    Type Vorlesung/Seminar
    Nr. M+V3008
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    The course gives practical insight in projects on which energy consulting
    companies are working on. This covers topics like consulting on energy
    procurement and contracting/outsourcing of energy services, energy
    efficiency checks of plants or facilities etc. Special emphasis is taken to
    explain decision-making processes in industry regarding energy supply,
    whereby the key factors cost, security and reliability play a crucial role.


    a) Handouts from the lecturer
    b) Literature list form the lecture (if necessary)

    Managing Complexity

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3032
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    The course is designed to provide a fundamental basis for management and leadership in the information age. It will introduce a scientific and philosophical approach to management and explore the historical origins of an analytical methodology that allows profound insight into the behaviour of processes and systems. It will teach that management is prediction and provide an understanding of a methodology for transforming raw data into knowledge in order to secure a sound basis for future action. Case histories will demonstrate how the costly errors of inappropriate action and sub-optimisation can be avoided and how a scientific basis for continual improvement and sustainable competitiveness is achieved.


    • Spare, N.C.: Managing Complexity - A Compendium of Papers for a System of Knowledge; collection of selected papers
    • Deming, W. Edwards: Out of the Crisis; Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1982 and 1986
    • Deming, W. Edwards: The New Economics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1994/95
    • Scholtes, Peter R.: The Leaders Handbook; McGraw-Hill 1988
    • Neave, Henry R.: The Deming Dimension; SPC Press Inc. 1990
    • Wheeler, Donald J.; Chambers, David S.: Understanding Statistical Process Control; SPC Press Inc. 1992
    • Wheeler, Donald J.: Understanding Variation - The Key to Managing Chaos; SPC Press Inc. 1993
    • Wheeler, Donald J.: Advanced Topics in Statistical Process Control; SPC Press Inc. 1995
    • Spare, Noel C.: The Four Pillars of Wisdom - A System for 21st Century Management; pp. 63-68; in
      Think Different - Collection of the English Papers in the December 2006 Revision of the Deming Homepage;
    • same series of articles in German:



    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V3026
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    A) The automation pyramid
    B) Norms and regulations
    C) The most relevant DCS systems
    D) Sensors and actuators
    E) Fieldbus systems
    F) Controller Level
    G) DCS Level


    SCHILDT, H.-H., KASTNER, W.: Prozeßautomatisierung. Berlin : Springer, 1998.
    POLKE, M. (ED.): Process Control Engineering. Weinheim : VCh, 1994.
    Siemens: Manual of Siemens Simatic PCS 7, part 1 and 2.
    Available online:

    Labor Energiewandlung mit Biomasse

    Type Labor
    Nr. M+V3014
    SWS 2.0
    Lecture Content

    A) Basics:
    - analysis of exhaust gases
    - calorific value measurements of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels
    - immediate analyse of fuels
    B)Thermal treatment by pyrolysis in the fixed bed
    C)Thermal treatment by gasification in the pit reactor
    D) Inertisation by vitrification and solidification
    E) Balance of a firing process.
    F) Gas development during fermentation process (methanisation)


    KALTSCHMITT, M.; HARTMANN, H.; HOFBAUER, H. (Hrsg.): Energie aus
    Biomasse - Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren. 2. Auflage, Berlin:
    Springer, Heidelberg, 2009.
    DEUBLEIN, D., STEINHAUSER, A.:Biogas from Waste and Renewable
    Resources, 2nd ed. Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2010.

    Solar Technologies/Solartechnik

    Type Vorlesung
    Nr. M+V730
    SWS 4.0
    Lecture Content
    1. Introduction sustainable energy conversion
    2. Solar radiation
    3. Solar thermal energy conversion
    4. Solar thermal systems
    5. Solar cell design
    6. PV process technology
    7. PV process and cell characterization
    8. PV systems



    Bollin, Elmar: Solartechnik. In: Zahoransky, Richard, A.: Energietechnik. 4. Auflage, Wiesbaden : Vieweg+Teubner, 2009, 265-301.

    Bollin, Elmar (Hrsg.): Automation regenerativer Wärme- und Kälteversorgung von Gebäuden. Wiesbaden : Vieweg+Teubner, 2009.

    Mertens, Konrad: Photovoltaik, Hanser-Verlag, 2011

    Würfel, Uli: Physics of solar cells : from basic principles to advanced concepts, Wiley-VCH

    Goetzberger, Adolf: Photovoltaic solar energy generation, Springer



    Energy Systems Engineering

    Type Vorlesung/Projekt
    Nr. M+V735
    SWS 4.0
    Lecture Content


    1. System analysis of energy systems
    2. Application of data acquisition, data refinement, data representation, and regression techniques on real energy systems
    3. Application of agile project management
    4. Renewable energy systems


    Learning targets:

    The students are able to analyse energy systems and they can derive solutions to improve the whole energy system. The students know how to apply agile project management to organize themselves in teams. Furthermore, the students know how to do data acquisition, data analysis, and to evaluate measures with the data. They consolidated their knowledge in energy management systems and renewable energy systems. The students know how to connect the results from data engineering to the renewable energy systems and the energy management systems to find better solutions. The students apply their knowledge to real world problems with data from existing companies. They will present their results to the company.



    Literature recommendations will be given in the lectures.